There are myriad resources available to
the collector of columnarios. These include the websites and
books listed below. If you would like to suggest and
additional resource for our list, please send your
suggestions through the link at the bottom of this page.
McClellan's article entitled Two-bits,
Four-bits, Six-bits, Eight...
Bob Schreiner's Spanish Coins on
American Notes page at
- an informative guide to paper money that uses images from
Spanish minted coins (mostly portraits)
Carl Clegg's columnarios.com
(this website) - the definitive resource for columnario
Daniel Sedwick has a website at www.sedwickcoins.com
with heavy focus on cobs
John Chen's and Carlos Jara's Spanish Colonial Pillar
Coinage website is a useful resource. It is no longer
on-line nor is it updated and maintained. Fortunately, with
Carlos Jara's permission we are hosting a copy of that
website at our server. Click here: http://carlclegg.com/pillars/.
Ponterio & Associates, Inc have a
website located at www.ponterio.com.
They frequently consign New World coinage including
columnarios. Some very rare and top dollar coins are listed
from time to time. Check their "Current Sale".
Books - alphabetical
Adams, Edgar H.,
1929, 1974. The Julius Guttag Collection of Latin
American Coins, Quarterman Publications, Inc., 527
pages, Call Number FA 10 G8c 1974, available at the ANA
library. Dated but good reference; strong points are: minor
pieces, lots of illustrations, lots of countermarked and
counterpunched coins. This book covers the entire sprectrum
of Latin American coins -- only about 5% deals with
columnarios; great reference nonetheless.
Bruce, Colin R. II,
1971. Standard Catalog of Mexican Coins, Krause
Publications, 352 pages. Lots of good reading and valuable
reference; limited to Mexican coins and prices are very
dated of course.
Burzio, Humberto F.,
1958. Diccionario de la Moneda Hispanoamericano, Fondo
Histórico y Bibliográfico, Santiago, Chile, call number
FA15 B8d. This is a three book set: Vols. 1, 2, and a book
of plates. The ANA Libraray has the first two books only. An
excellent reference (all in Spanish) for any student of New
World coinage -- including columnarios.
V., editor, 1973. Coinage of The Americas, The
American Numismatic Society, 139 pages. A series of articles
written by various numismatists focusing on the development
of money in the Americas. The first couple chapters written
by Humberto F. Burzio (see above) are of particular
Craig, William D.,
1976. Coins of The World 1750-1850, Western
Publishing Co. Inc., 478 pages. A bit general for the
columnario collector but valuable reference nonetheless.
Calbeto de Grau,
Gabriel, 1970. Compendio de las Piezas de Ocho Reales,
Ediciones Juan Ponce de Leon, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 2
volumes, 734 pages. This book is regarded by many as the
definitive guide to eight reales. It catalogs virtually
every eight real coin ever minted and is richly illustrated
with hundreds of photographs. This book was limited to 1500
copies published and commands several hundred dollars on the
1950. Estudio de los Reales de a Ocho. Valencia, Suc.
de Vives Morá. I have only seen one copy of this
5-volume set. Very rare
Elizondo, Carlos A.,
1971. Eight Reales and Pesos of the New World, Ideal
Litho Service, 237 pages, Second Edition. An affordable
Gilboy, Frank F., 1999. The Milled
Columnarios of Central and South America, Prairie Wind
Publishing, 293 pages. Only 500 copies printed.
Catalogs all columnarios from 1732 to 1772 from every mint
and each denomination from 8 reales down to half reales.
Excellent book and highly recommended for any serious
Harris, Robert P.,
1968. Pillars & Portraits, Bonanza Press, 96
pages. Prices are very dated. Useful reference nonetheless.
Krause, Chester L.,
et al, 2002. Standard Catalog of World Coins:
Spain, Portugal, and the New World, Krause Publications,
647 pages. Good modern reference with prices. Does not list
all varieties but gives general guidance. Source of the perennial
and overrated KM numbers. Nice to have all the New World
coins in one book.
Toribio, 1919. Las monedas coloniales
hispano-americanas, Elzevieiana, Santiago, Chile, 406
pages. A very rare book -- said to be a classic. In the ANA
Rare Book Collection.
Palmer, Darwin B
and Almanzar, Acedo F.,1982. Pillar and Portrait
Four Reales of the New World, Almanzar's Coins of the
World, San Antonio, Texas, 70 pages, call number FA25 P3 C.1
(can be found in ANA Library). An excellent reference for
collectors of the evasive Four Reales series; includes both
columnarios and busts, richly illustrated. Lists prices but
use for reference only.
Perez, Gilbert S.,
1948. The "DOS MUNDOS" Pillar Dollar, The
Philippine Numismatic and Antiquarian Society, Manila, 24
unnumbered pages. Very rare booklet available at the ANA
library (call number FA 25 P4 C.1). This book expresses the
Philippine connection to the columnario series since the
Philippines, Pearl of the Orient, was under Spanish
Francisco, 1938. Numismatic History of Mexico,
Los Angelos. I own a 1978 copy (147 pages plus 24 plates)
with annotations and revisions by Clyde Hubbard. Lots of
useful data and history. Classic reference.
1939, Second Edition 1964. The Silver Dollars of North
and South America, Whitman Publishing Company, Racine,
Wisconsin, 125 pages. Dated catalog format book with prices;
does not break down series by years or varieties; lots of
pictures and a good reference but information is dated and
Yriarte, Jose de,
1955. Catalogo de Los Reales de a Ocho Españoles,
Talleres Gráficos, Madrid, 207 pages. This is a rare book
(only 995 printed) and considered by many experts as one of
the classics on 8 reales.
If you would like to submit a suggestion
for consideration, please